At commencement each year, the Philosophy Faculty at St. Philip’s College bestows an award that recognizes outstanding contributions to the shared work of our extended faculty, our colleagues, or our local partners in the Greater San Antonio Community in the teaching of Philosophy inside and outside the classroom.
Our students benefit when our partners come together to share expertise, knowledge, and resources.
Prof. Joelle Nanivazo, Ph.D. has been a long-standing backer of the Philosophy Faculty and a constant source of support for our students and their programs, For her patience, professional assistance, time and advice, we recognize Dr. Nanivazo with this year's award.
Abstract: This paper examines the link between income per capita, adult life expectancy and mortality rates for children. We estimate a dynamic panel model using data from 128 developing countries and find that all else equal external (i.e., non-country specific) factors have a positive and significant impact on health outcomes, and this effect has increased over time; countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have a higher mortality rate and lower life expectancy than non-SSA countries and the effect of income per capita on health outcomes is different for SSA countries.
"To the extent that income per capita may be interpreted as the summary of the economic conditions in a country, the above quote suggests that per capita income has a causal effect on health outcomes. It is therefore not surprising that the large empirical literature on the determinants of health outcomes typically include GDP per capita as an explanatory variables. The overwhelming results from the literature is summarized in the seminal paper by Pritchett and Summers (1996:863) who note that “wealthier nations are healthier nations” and “gains from rapid economic growth flow into health gains”. The idea that income may have a positive effect on health outcomes is plausible, for the simple reason that higher income permits households to spend more on the personal health of the family, which in turn improves the heath of the household."
Nanivazo focuses on effects of foreign aid: Student says leaving SIUC will be hard for her
CARBONDALE - The topic of the effects of foreign aid on poor countries hits close to home for SIUC student Malokele "Joelle" Nanivazo.
The doctoral student in economics from Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, has studied for the past four years at SIUC and will graduate in August. Her studies focus on the effects of foreign aid and how the aid is not always used for its intended purpose. Her studies have developed formulas following this aspect.
While she is from the western region of the country, she said war can often be found in the east. Nanivazo said since 2003 rebel soldiers have com-mitted countless rapes and have kidnapped children, forcing them into combat. Before coming to the United States, she spent about four months volunteering in refugee camps. Even with the lack of justice, she said people in the Democratic Republic of Congo survive.
"That's what people do in my country," Nanivazo said. "They walk with it or walk away from it but they do not give up."
She studied at Cottey College in Nevada, Mo. and Augustana College in Rock Island before coming to SIUC on the suggestion of an adviser. She said she has kept close relationships with those in Africana Studies, whose offices are just down the hall from the Department of Economics. She said Joseph Brown, director of Africana Studies, played a large part in her success at SIUC.
"He is the one who kept me going here," she said.
Brown said there was a great deal of interest in recruiting her and said the two departments did all they could to make her feel welcome.
"It was kind of like creating a community of welcome before she got here," Brown said.
After graduating, Nanivazo said she hopes to take part in foreign aid research. But her time at SIUC has left a positive impression and all the friends she made in students, faculty and staff will be tough to leave.
"SIU has become like my home," Nanivazo said. "When I think of going away because I'm done, it's not that easy."
United Nations University World Institute for Development
Mahrt K, Nanivazo M. (2015). Estimating multidimensional childhood poverty in the Democratic Republic of Congo, 2007 through 2013. WIDER Working Paper 2015/131. Helsinki: UNU-WIDER. https://doi.org/10.35188/UNU-WIDER/2015/020-1.
Abstract: After years of economic decline, conflict, and instability, the Democratic Republic of Congo achieved rapid economic growth in the 2000s along with a reduction in rural consumption poverty. This paper evaluates the extent to which recent growth has been accompanied by improvements in multidimensional child welfare using a first-order dominance approach applied to Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys and Demographic and Health Surveys. The authors explore
the root of indeterminate outcomes in spatial analysis and evaluate the sensitivity of spatial and temporal outcomes to indicator choice. Though results do not indicate broad-based welfare advancement at the national, urban, or rural levels, they do suggest progress within a number of individual provinces.
JEL classification: C81, I 32, J13
Tables: provided at the end of the paper.
United Nations University World Institute for Development
Mahrt K, Nanivazo M. (2015). Spatial and temporal analyses of women's wellbeing in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
WIDER Working Paper 2015/059. Helsinki: UNU-WIDER.
Abstract: This paper sets out to investigate the wellbeing of women in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). It undertakes spatial and temporal comparisons of women’s wellbeing using data from the Demographic and Health Survey and the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey. Using the multidimensional first-order dominance approach, the results reveal mixed evidence of improvement and deterioration of women’s welfare across the DRC over a three-year period (2007–10).
Keywords: poverty comparison, women, Democratic Republic of the Congo, wellbeing
JEL classification: J16, I32, O55, C81
WIDER Working Paper No. 2013/118
"Determinants of foreign aid in family planning: How relevant is the Mexico City Policy?"
Elizabeth Asiedu, Malokele Nanivazo, and Mwanza Nkusu
Abstract: The Mexico City Policy (MCP) prohibits the United States Agency for International Development from providing aid to international non-governmental organizations that provide abortion-related services. This paper employs a panel data of 151 developing countries over the period of 1988‒2010, to examine the effect of the MCP on the allocation of family planning aid to developing countries. We find that the MCP has a negative and robust effect on family planning aid. We also find that family planning aid to countries in subSaharan Africa (SSA) is higher than aid to non-SSA countries, and that high fertility rate countries as well as highly populated countries tend to receive more family planning aid.
Keywords: family planning, foreign aid, Mexico City Policy, sub-Saharan Africa
JEL classification: F23, D72